Thousands of people have gathered outside Buckingham Palace to watch a flypast of aircraft to mark the centenary of the Royal Air Force. Almost 100 planes representing the RAF over the years flew over The Mall following a parade by personnel.
The Queen and other members of the Royal Family saw the display - which included the new F-35 fighter and Spitfires - from the palace balcony. Earlier they marked the centenary at a special service in Westminster Abbey.
The service began what the head of the RAF said would be a "tremendous" day of events to mark its 100 years. Three F-35 Lightning stealth fighters were involved in the flypast and 22 Typhoons spelt out 100 as they flew over the palace.
Nine helicopters led the armada, while the Red Arrows brought up the rear. The aircraft assembled in holding patterns off the coast of East Anglia before merging near Ipswich and flying down the A12 corridor to London.